AskDefine | Define rein

Dictionary Definition

rein

Noun

1 one of a pair of long straps (usually connected to the bit or the headpiece) used to control a horse
2 any means of control; "he took up the reins of government"

Verb

1 control and direct with or as if by reins; "rein a horse" [syn: harness, rein in, draw rein]
2 stop or slow up one's horse or oneself by or as if by pulling the reins; "They reined in in front of the post office" [syn: rein in]
3 stop or check by or as if by a pull at the reins; "He reined in his horses in front of the post office" [syn: rein in]
4 keep in check; "rule one's temper" [syn: rule, harness]

User Contributed Dictionary

see Rein

English

Etymology

Anglo-Norman redne, from Old French resne (modern rêne), from Vulgar Latin *retina, from Latin retinere ‘retain’, from re- + tenere.

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. A strap or rope attached to the bridle or bit, used to control a horse or other animal.

Translations

strap or rope used to control an animal

Verb

  1. to direct or stop a horse by using reins
  2. (usually "rein in") to stop or restrain a horse. Also used figuratively
    President’s Budget: A Solid Step To Rein in Spending

Translations

Dutch

Adjective

rein

Finnish

Noun

French

Etymology

ren.

Pronunciation

  • /ʁɛ̃/

Noun

fr-noun m

See also

German

Etymology

Old High German reini, from Germanic *hrai-ni-, a suffixed form of Indo-European *(s)keri-. Cognate with Old Saxon hreni (Dutch rein), Old Norse hreinn (Swedish ren); and with Ancient Greek , Old Irish criathar. More remotely related to English riddle ‘sieve’.

Pronunciation

/ʀaɪn/

Adjective

  1. pure, clear, plain

Volapük

vo-noun rein

Noun

rein

Synonyms

Noun

rein

Extensive Definition

Reins are items of horse tack, used to direct a horse or other animal used for riding or driving. Reins can be made of leather, nylon, metal, or other materials, and attach to a bridle via either its bit or its noseband.

Use for riding

Reins are used to give subtle commands or cues, also known as rein aids. Various commands may signal a turn, ask for a slower speed, request a halt or rein back. Rein aids are used along with leg aids, shifting of body weight, and sometimes voice commands.

Harness reins

On some types of harnesses there might be supporting rings or "turrets" used to carry the reins over the animal's back. When pairs of equines are used in drawing a wagon or coach it is usual for the outer side of each pair to be connected to the reins and for the inside of the bits to be connected between the pair of horses by a short bridging strap or rope. The driver carries "four-in-hand" or "six-in-hand" being the number of reins connecting to the pairs.

Other uses

A single rein or rope may be attached to a halter to lead or guide a horse or packhorse. A long rein called a longe line may be used to allow the horse to move in a circle for training purposes, or for the purpose of a clinical lameness evaluation by a veterinarian. On certain designs of headgear, a third rein may be added to the paired reins, used for leading, longeing, or other specialized or stylistic purposes. The best-known example of a third rein used in the USA is the leading rein of the mecate of the classic bosal hackamore.

Types

Types of reins include:
  • Closed reins — (also called Loop reins) reins that are either a single piece or that buckle together at the ends. English riders usually use closed reins. Western riders in timed rodeo events use a single closed rein, as do those who use a romal. A closed rein helps prevent the rider from dropping the reins.
  • Split reins — a rein style seen in western riding where the reins are not attached to one another at the ends. They prevent a horse from tangling its feet in a looped rein, particularly when the rider is dismounted. They are considerably longer than closed reins.
  • Side reins — used when longeing a horse, attached from the bit to the saddle or surcingle, they are not meant to be held by the rider.
  • Long reins, longlines, or driving lines — exceptionally long reins which allow the rider to control the horse from a cart, or from the ground, with the handler walking behind the horse.
  • Romal reins — a rein style from the vaquero tradition that incorporates a closed rein with a long quirt at the end.
  • Mecate — a style of rein seen on a bosal style hackamore made of a single piece of rope that encompasses both a closed rein and a leading rope.
  • Reins used on bridles with two reins:
    • Snaffle rein — Usually a laced rein that buckles at the center, used on the bradoon of a double bridle, or the upper ring of a pelham bit.
    • Curb rein: The rein used at the end of the shank of a curb bit or pelham. Modern curb reins usually buckle together at the ends, though reins of the classical curb were sewn together at the ends to create a single rein.
  • Draw reins and running reins — long reins, usually made of leather or nylon webbing, that attach to the saddle or the girth, run through the bit rings, and back to the rider. Several design variations, they add mechanical advantage to the rider's hands and may the horse's ability to raise its head. Often used in conjunction with a snaffle rein by English riders, usually used alone by western riders.
  • Lead rein — A third rein used on bridles, not to be confused with the single lead rope of a halter nor the direct rein aid known as the "leading rein." In North Americaa third rein is most commonly seen as part of the mecate of a hackamore. In Mongolia it is integral to the bridle, and tied to either a bit ring or a chin strap.

The rein in popular expression

In popular culture, to rein in means to hold back, slow down, control or limit. Sometimes the eggcorn, reign in, is used.Wide usage of the opposing free rein can be dated to the early 1950s, and means to give or allow complete freedom, in action and decision over something.

References

rein in German: Zügel
rein in Spanish: Riendas
rein in Persian: افسار
rein in Japanese: 手綱
rein in Romanian: Frâu

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

administration, arrest, arrestation, backpedal, backwater, brake, bridle, check, clip the wings, collect, command, constrain, constraint, contain, control, cool, cool off, cooling, cooling down, cooling off, curb, curtail, curtailment, decelerate, deceleration, delay, detain, dompt, draw rein, ease off, ease up, enjoin, govern, guard, harness, helm, hinder, hindrance, hold, hold at bay, hold back, hold fast, hold in, hold in check, hold in leash, hold up, impede, inhibit, inhibition, injunction, interdict, keep, keep back, keep from, keep in, keep in check, keep under control, lay under restraint, leadership, legal restraint, let down, let up, limit, limitation, lose ground, lose momentum, lose speed, moderate, monopoly, obstruct, power, prohibit, prohibition, protection, protectionism, protective tariff, pull, pull in, rationing, reef, rein in, reins, relax, repress, restrain, restraint, restraint of trade, restrict, retard, retardation, retrench, retrenchment, rule, running, self-control, set back, simmer down, slack off, slack up, slacken, slow, slow down, slow up, slowing down, smother, snub, stay, straiten, suppress, take in sail, tariff wall, thought control, throttle down, tiller, withhold
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